For information on sea turtle activities for visitors call + 90 533 8725350 and see our “Get Involved” pages


The Mediterranean monk seal is catalogued as endangered by the IUCN Redlist and its estimated population worldwide is of less than 700 animals. Greece, Cyprus and Turkey still maintain breeding populations, with around 350-450 individuals. It is the worlds most threatened seal species.

Coordinated by IUCN Med, this project aims to improve the knowledge of the population of the Mediterranean monk seal at the eastern Mediterranean, monitoring their populations, contributing to the identification of critical habitat and creating conservation actions that would mitigate the negative interactions between fishermen and the species. Including bycatch and predation of fishing nets.

Photo: Monk Seal Pup (Credit: Olkan Erguler)

Project Successes

Through the project in Northern Cyprus, the following actions have been taken:

  • Monk seal breeding and resting site monitoring capacity has been greatly increased, with twelve haul-out sites now being monitored long-term.
  •  An inventory and status assessment of all monk seal potential resting, and breeding areas has been developed to guide conservation management.
  • Surveys have been undertaken with fishers to understand the magnitude and patterns of bycatch in our small-scale fishery.
  • Policy has been developed, including advice on fisheries regulations for MPAs around monk seal haul out and breeding sites, some of which has been agreed in draft legislation.
  • A public consultation meeting was held with stakeholders including representatives from two ministries, fishers, land users and Municipality about a breeding site and plans to develop a harbour close to it. This advocacy resulted in significant mitigation of this threat as the site was relocated to a more distant location.
  • Data were published on surveys of haul out caves. See our blog at the conservation journal Oryx: New breeding sites discovered for the world’s most threatened seal species

Much awareness has been raised by the project actions and subsequently SPOT began to receive regular public sighting records and have been able to identify and track some individuals from this citizen science network.

A second phase project is now being supported by Monk Seal Alliance, again, under the coordination of IUCN Med. Here, further monitoring will be supported, as well as actions to improve conditions at specific caves. There will also be a focus on policy, awareness raising and education.

Photo Credit: Olkan Ergüler


PrInce Albert II of Monaco FoundatIon
MAVA FoundatIon
FondatIon Segré
Sancta Devota FoundatIon
Thalassa FoundatIon


Hellenic Society for the Study and Protection of the Monk Seal (MOm)

Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR)

WWF Greece

CBD-Habitat - Monk seal conservation programme


Middle East Technical University (METU)

Society for Protection of Turtles (SPOT)

Enalia Physis Environmental Research Centre

© 2023 Society for the Protection of Turtles